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What is biodiversity? Why is it important?

March 15, 2022

Biodiversity is a measure of the abundance of different types of organisms in an ecosystem. A monoculture of maize for example is not very biodiverse, whereas an agroforestry system may contain dozens or even hundreds of species. More diverse systems are more resilient both ecologically and (for farmers) economically. When thinking about biodiversity in the context of farming, it is critical to think about biodiversity both above and below ground. Soil in fact is the most critical ecosystem that farmers are managing and an important part of our training is thinking about soil as an ecosystem rather than just a physical structure that supports crops.

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